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: , {1240-1260}, , : 1240-1260, : : : . . : 1991; 1995; 1986. : : . . . : The text is written in the Cyrillic alphabet in the Karelian dialect of the archaic Finnish or Finnic language. A transcription of the Cyrillic text is as follows:. -, : / ѣ / . : Yeliseyev believes, that this is an invocation against lightning, as evidenced by "ten your names" construction. According to superstitious notions, knowledge of the name gives a human the magic power over an object or phenomenon. , , - , 10 . , .

Martti Haavio : jumolan nuoli inimizi / nouli sekä noli omo bou / jumola soud'nii okovy , :Jumalan nuoli, ihmisen / nuoli sekä nuoli oma. [Tuomion jumalan kahlittavaksi.] . : God's arrow, man's / arrow, and (his) own arrow" [To be chained by the Doom-God.] , , () . 1986 Haavio , : Jumalan nuoli 10 nimezi / Nuoli säihkyvä nuoli ampuu / Suuto-Jumala (Syyttö-Jumala) ohjaa (johtaa?). : God's arrow, ten your name(s), / Arrow sparkling, arrow shoots / The Doom-God guides/directs (leads/rules?). , 10 ̨, , / - Ĩ. : ( ), , , , , . , ? -.

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1. .. 2- .. . - chudinov.ru 21 2020

2. . // , , . 14 2016 . : https:// vseonauke.com/ 1024398178156283989/izobreteniya-leonardo-da-vinchi-s-nazvaniyami-foto-risunkov-eskizov/

3.Topor.info. . : https://topor.info/tops/izobreteniya-leonardo-da-vinchi

4. . 22 26 . :http://old.archeo-news.ru/2016/10/blog-post_68.html#more

5. .. . - chudinov.ru 25 2016 .

6. .. 1000- . - chudinov.ru 25 2017

7. .. KNO . chudinov.ru 15 2007

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