В.А.Чудинов

Расшифровка славянского слогового и буквенного письма

Февраль 1, 2007

Runica and the Alphabet Writing

Автор 11:10. Рубрика Статьи на английском языке

In relation with the modern Russian language and with the Old Slavic one we see here a row of differences. So we see the older form of the word the children (ДЕЙТЕ instead of ДЕТИ) with the ending E (as in the cases ПОЛЯНЕ, КИЕВЛЯНЕ, СЛАВЯНЕ); it form is the nominative case of the plural. The accusative case must be ДЕЙТЕА, but the Й here is already absent and we see the form ДЕТЕА. Further, in the word DYI the vocative case (probably ДЫЮ, DYIU) is not used. The word MI in the sense МЕНЯ is known in the Old Slavic. The word ХРАНЕ has to be written through И, so we see here a mistake of YARIBOL or the dialect peculiarity. In the expression ПО ЕСЕНЬ after the character H is put a small vertical stroke on the top that shows the soft pronunciation of the N as NЬ. The word ЖЕНО is in the accusative case from the word ЖЕНА; in Old Slavic on this end place was character YUS BIG, which was O with the nasal pronunciation. The inscription ХЬЁ could mean ЙЕЙО with very mach aspiration after the first sound Й. The word СДРАЕЯЕ is correct written through C, but has superfluous character E written here by error; it must be СДРАЯЙЕ, which means the health. The name VASЪ YARIBOLEC is given in the accusative case which is coincident with the nominative one (in the modern Russian the accusative case is coincident with the genitive one) as in Old Slavic language. I understand the words VASЪ YARIBOLEC as the name and the father name of the YARIBOL son (in the modern Russian it would be VASSIA or VASSILIJ YARIBOLIČ). The expression I YEGO S(VIA)TO(I) ZHIVOT is written in the nominative case that is very archaic. The word ZHIVOT is in modern Russian out of use (now we speak the word ЖИЗНЬ), but in the old expressions this word keeps to exist. The word ONE instead of ONI points upon mixed group of men and women (of the YARIBOL wife, son and other children). The form RUSIJ instead of RUSSKII (RUSSIAN) is more archaic and built directly from the word RUSЬ (РУСЬ). The expression RUSII DYI means that YARIBOL was Russian man, but no Venetian one. Simultaneously it means that in that time such Slavic languages as Russian and Venetian were not much different and the modern investigators can do mistakes with their attribution. Finally the word BEDNOI instead of BEDNYJ speaks about its more archaic form as well. Thus we see a Slavic phrase which is approximately 700 years older then that of the “Old” Slavic. The words in it are longer and nearer to Russian that in other observed by A. Ambrozič Venetian samples that gives me ground to doubt in the Venetian origin of the inscription. Probably its language is old Russian or old South Slavic.

On its content the text is a prayer to the Slavic god DYI written on the face of Mithra. It is obvious that in discussed time Dyj in the Slavic pantheon took the same place as Mithra in his one. But Mithraism was monotheistic. The comparison of DYI with Mithra shows that perhaps DYI as main god was by his prestige much higher then the other gods, even then Perun and Veles. Some investigators suspected that with outside polytheistic Slavic mythology it was in its inside core monotheistic one. Now we see some proof of it.

In the eyes of Slavic epigraphy this inscription is very important as it shows how the Slavic people can live without own alphabet writing using only Greek and Latin characters and rather seldom traditional syllabic signs of Runica as well.

The drawing of a coin from the Slovenian Folk Museum in Ljubljana

Fig.11. The drawing of a coin from the Slovenian Folk Museum in Ljubljana

The inscription on the Ljubljana muzeum coin. Next inscription origins from Slovenia. Ivan Tomašič28 has published the photograph of the III century BC coin which was kept in the Slovenian Folk Museum in Ljubljana with the commentary: «The Norik silver coin of III century BC found in the locality Most on the Soči river which witnesses about the connections between the Venetians from Norik and from the Soči basin». There is nothing here that can point to the existing of any inscriptions.

The common analysis of the artifact. The outlook of the knight on the coin shakes to the depth of the soul. We see a knight in the armor, a helmet with moving low part and pompous plumage, and the metal boots on the feet; perhaps the armor covers the horse too. Such armor in Europe we meet only 16 centuries later. Much more the Runica inscriptions shake, but as usual these inscriptions are not seen.

My reading the inscriptions on the silver coin

Fig. 12. My reading the inscriptions on the silver coin

The reading of the inscriptions. There are a lot of inscriptions here, ill. 12. First of all on the horse body we see the name of the coin, СЬРЕБЪРЕНЪКЪ, i.e. SILVER COIN. Both parts of the helmet build the signs of the word ВОЙ, i.e. WARRIOR. The body of the knight, his left arm and the horse tail we can read as the word РУСЬ, i.e. Russia. Finally the helmet plumage, the right hand and the horse mane constitute the word СЬЛАВАНЕ, i.e. Slavs. The biggest inscriptions are so.

There are the smaller inscriptions which constitute the upper part of the horse head and mane where we can read the word СЬЛОВЕНЬЦЫ, i.e. SLOVENIANS. The horse face consists of two signs with the reading РУНЕ, i.e. inscriptions. On the neck and the mane we read the word МАКЪШЬ, it is the name of the Slavic goddess MAKOSH. The cross under the horseman foot, the leg itself and the horse leg we can read as the word ПЕРУНЪ, i.e. the Slavic god name PERUN. The bottom of the horse tail constitutes the word ЖИВА, it is the Slavic goddess name ZHIVA. The lower part of the horse leg and a stump under it I read ЛИКЪ, i.e. IMAGE. Between the back horse legs we see the word НОРИКЪ, i.e. NORICUM. Finally the lower part of the anterior horse legs and the upper part of its back legs constitute the word СЬЛОВЕНЬЦЫ, i.e. SLOVENIANS. Here we see the words made of middle size signs.

My readings the micro-inscriptions near the anterior lower horse leg

Fig. 13. My readings the micro-inscriptions near the anterior lower horse leg

Reading the microinscriptions. Earlier I might be satisfied by the reading the texts of the usual sizes, but after I have understood that in the Middle Ages and in Antiquity there were tiny, less then a millimeter signs, I began to analyze the very small details of the inscriptions. Beside them I do the color exchange, i.e. the light on the dark inscriptions transforms into dark in the light ones. First of all I see a lot of tiny signs under the moving anterior horse back leg. I turn the drawing on 900 to left and read the word МОНЕТА, i.e. COIN, then going on I read in a column the word ТЪРЬСЬТА, i.e. TRIEST. Thus in the modern orthography it was written THE COIN OF TRIEST. So was marked the stamp place.

Between the horse leg and that of the horseman some inscriptions were placed. Here I read the expression РУНЕ СЬЛАВАНЪ, that means the Slavic inscriptions. And on the plumage we can guess about the existing of the inscription СЬЛАВАНЕ, НОРИКЪ, РУСЬ, i.e. SLAVS, NORICUM, RUSJ. Beside them on the same place is situated the inscription RIM (Rome) and NORIC (Noricum) written with the Latin characters.

My reading the inscriptions behind the anterior horse leg and on the horseman plumage

Ill. 14. My reading the inscriptions behind the anterior horse leg and on the horseman plumage

Paleographic analysis. There were written 12 words through macro-script and 9 words through micro-script — together 21 word that for a coin is rather many. To unusual peculiarity of runica belongs the use of the sign P as RE and of the sign Ь as RU. The word СРЕБРЕНИК we have to write through the sign НЪ, but not through the sign NI. The word СЛОВЕНЦЫ is written with the soft НЬ, and the word СЛАВЯНЕ has the syllabic sign ВА. The sign РУ looks out as a ball on a stick, a little dismissed to right from the equilibrium point.

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